Civil War Memorial
Image by elycefeliz
The Civil War is, for the American imagination, the great single event of our history. Without too much wrenching, it may, in fact, be said to be American history.
Before the Civil War we had no history in the deepest and most inward sense. There was, of course, the noble vision of the Founding Fathers articulated in the Declaration and the Constitution--the dream of freedom incarnated in a more perfect Union. But the Revolution did not create a nation except on paper; and too often in the following years the vision of the Founding Fathers, which men had suffered and died to validate, became merely a daydream of easy and automatic victories, a vulgar delusion of manifest destiny, a conviction of a people divinely chosen to live on milk and honey at small expense.
The vision had not been finally submitted to the test of history. There was little awareness of the cost of having a history. The anguished scrutiny of the meaning of the vision in experience had not become a national reality.
It became a reality, and we became a nation, only with the Civil War. The Civil War is our only "felt'' history--history lived in the national imagination.
This is not to say that the War is always, and by all men, felt in the same way. Quite the contrary. But this fact is an index to the very complexity, depth, and fundamental significance of the event. It is an overwhelming and vital image of human and national experience.
~ Robert Penn Warren
The Sentinel is a statue of a standing Union soldier of the line by Randolph Rogers (1825-1892). It was the first civil war memorial by Rogers and was sculpted in 1864 in Rome, it was cast in bronze by Ferdinand von Miller in Munich in 1865. Costing ,000 and funded by public subscription It was unveiled in section 23 of Spring Grove Cemetery, Cincinnati as a memorial to fallen Cincinnatians.
The Sentinel Statue
The bronze statue of a Union soldier commemorates all Cincinnatians who died in the Civil War. It is located on an island in the central road, as if in a town square. Its cost of ,000 was raised by subscription in 1864 - a year before the war's end. Adolph Strauch wanted to erect a classical temple on which would be inscribed the names of all the Civil War dead in Ohio, but cemetery directors and the public favored a sculptural monument. The commission was given to Randolph Rogers, an American then living in Rome. 'The Sentinel' or 'Soldier of the Line' as Rogers called it, was the first of many Civil War monuments he designed, and its style became conventional throughout the northern states. Spring Grove's version, cast in 1865 by Ferdinand von Miller at Europe's most important foundry in Munich, is thus the prototype for the familiar town square statues that helped define the emerging central business districts of American cities during the next decade.
From the brochure: Spring Grove Cemetery / A Self-Guided Walking Tour
The Civil War may not have been one of the best moments in United States history. In fact, that single war caused the most American casualties of any war that has been fought since, even both World Wars. That's because the people dying on both sides were Americans. Despite the heavy losses, some great things emerged from the war, including new technologies and advancements such as anesthetic. Civil War Guns are one of the best examples of these technological improvements.
The Beginning of Breech-Loading
Before the war, most guns were muzzle-loaders. That means the ammunition had to be loaded through the muzzle that was more time-consuming and more dangerous to the loader who could easily be accidentally shot in the process. Breech loading or loading from the rear of the weapon was first introduced on many of the firearms used and this method is still used with most of the weapons available today. Clearly, this method is going to be safer for the shooter who remains behind the muzzle at all times but it is also much faster.
Even before the war, some pre-Civil War rifles used this feature but only one bullet could be loaded at a time. During the war that changed and newer guns were introduced that could hold and fire multiple rounds before needing to be reloaded. This was a big step forward for gun technology and is one of the reasons why guns and replica guns from this era are so popular.
Top Civil War Gun Choices
One of the most commonly used guns during this time period by both sides on the battlefields were carbines. These are basically a smaller and less powerful version of rifles. Large numbers of these weapons were being produced in the North and Confederate soldiers would pick them up and use them as their own after eliminating their adversaries on the field. Of course, the southern firearm manufacturers were also hard at work making their own versions, too.
Colt revolvers were one of the most popular choices for pistols. After a battle, the field would be littered with various models of these guns that could be picked up and used by other soldiers as well. On the down side, they don't have quite the impact as the carbines because they require the target to be a bit closer. Today, replica versions of these Civil War Guns are still some of the bestsellers.
Actually, one of the most famous Civil War Guns is the 1860 Henry Rifle that was developed just before the war started by a man named B. Tyler Henry. The gun itself had many faults, including no wooden stock to protect the shooter's hands from the hot barrel. However, that would change. When Henry was unable to pay back the loan to start his business, it was taken over by Oliver Winchester who had secured the loan. Winchester made changes to the design and just six years later released the first Winchester Rifle.
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Civil War Pistol, Wood & Steel, Replica, Fires Roll Caps
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Denix Civil War Replica Griswold and Gunnison Frame Confederate Pistol Non Firing Gun, Brass
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This Southern percussion six-shot cap and ball revolver, circa 1860, was manufactured by Griswold and Gunnison near Macon, Georgia. This model gun has a brass frame accenting an authentic and historic replica. The action of this replica gun works like the original.
Guns of the Civil War
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Guns of the Civil War celebrates the 150th anniversary of the Civil War (1861–1865) with an elegant and richly detailed history of Colt, Henry, Manhattan, Remington, Sharps, Spencer, and S&W Firearms, and guns by many other rivals and contemporaries. This essential overview of the legendary guns and armsmakers of the Civil War era includes exquisite photography of the handguns, rifles, and muskets, with numerous close-ups that capture the detail of each piece.
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